List of Countries in Asia


Asia is the continent of contrasts, presenting a high climatic, geomorphological, demographic, cultural and territorial variation.

The Asia is the largest of the terrestrial continents, located entirely in the eastern hemisphere, mostly in the northern hemisphere and a small portion of land in the southern hemisphere. There are, in all, 50 Asian countries.

Besides having the largest territorial area (with 44,579,000 km²), it also houses most of the population of the planet, with many of its regions reaching the highest demographic densities ever recorded. If the Asian continent corresponds to a third of the earth’s emersed lands, its inhabitants correspond to 61% of the world population, with about 4,299 billion people.

The most populous country in the world today is in Asia: China, with approximately 1 billion and 400 million inhabitants. However, in a few years, it is expected to lose that position to India (now ranked second with 1 billion and 250 million people), which is also on the Asian continent.

List of All Countries in Asia

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Armenia
  3. Azerbaijan
  4. Bahrain
  5. Bangladesh
  6. Bhutan
  7. Brunei
  8. Cambodia
  9. China
  10. Cyprus
  11. Georgia
  12. India
  13. Indonesia
  14. Iran
  15. Iraq
  16. Israel
  17. Japan
  18. Jordan
  19. Kazakhstan
  20. Kuwait
  21. Kyrgyzstan
  22. Laos
  23. Lebanon
  24. Malaysia
  25. Maldives
  26. Mongolia
  27. Myanmar (Burma)
  28. Nepal
  29. North Korea
  30. Oman
  31. Pakistan
  32. Palestine
  33. Philippines
  34. Qatar
  35. Russia
  36. Saudi Arabia
  37. Singapore
  38. South Korea
  39. Sri Lanka
  40. Syria
  41. Taiwan
  42. Tajikistan
  43. Thailand
  44. Timor-Leste
  45. Turkey
  46. Turkmenistan
  47. United Arab Emirates (UAE)
  48. Uzbekistan
  49. Vietnam
  50. Yemen

Asia is undoubtedly the continent of extremes. In addition to the largest area and population, the continent also has the largest country in the world (Russia, with 17 million km²), the highest point in the world (Everest, 8,848 meters above sea level) and absolute depression (The Dead Sea, 427 meters below sea level).

Countries in East Asia

  1. China
  2. Hong Kong (China)
  3. Japan
  4. Macau (China)
  5. Mongolia
  6. North Korea
  7. South Korea
  8. Taiwan (China)

The relief of Asia houses all the existing forms. The mountain ranges that stand out are the Himalayan Mountains, to the south of China; The Ural Mountains, which extend north-south and separate Asia from Europe in the territory of Russia; And the mountains located in the Caucasus region. The Asian plateaus, close to the mountain ranges, form the regions with the highest average elevations of the planet, making the human occupation practically impossible in these spaces due to the low temperatures. There are also some plains areas, with excellent soils for agriculture, and that, therefore, they count on large population contingents.


There are also in the Asian continent a great atmospheric diversity, with ten different climatic types: Equatorial, Mediterranean, Tropical Humid, Tropical, Subtropical, Semi-Arid, Desert, Cold, Mountain and Polar Cold. A characteristic climatic expression of a part of the continent is also the Monsoons, with two large seasons – one very dry and one very rainy – that are manifested by the differences in atmospheric pressure throughout the year.

Countries in South Asia

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Bangladesh
  3. Bhutan
  4. India
  5. Maldives
  6. Nepal
  7. Pakistan
  8. Sri Lanka

The two main economic blocs in Asia are the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and APEC (Asian and Pacific Economic Cooperation), with the latter also having countries in the Americas. The CIS, in fact, is composed of almost all the countries that were part of the defunct Soviet Union, which, in the face of the constitution of socialism, are extremely interconnected structurally and economically.

Countries in West Asia

  1. Armenia
  2. Azerbaijan
  3. Bahrain
  4. Cyprus
  5. Georgia
  6. Iraq
  7. Israel
  8. Jordan
  9. Kuwait
  10. Lebanon
  11. Oman
  12. Palestine
  13. Qatar
  14. Saudi Arabia
  15. Syria
  16. Turkey
  17. United Arab Emirates
  18. Yemen

Asia is also home to three of the five countries that make up the BRICS, including Russia, China and India. These countries are considered to be the emerging economies with great potential for growth.Other Asian countries that fit this profile are Indonesia and South Korea. The largest economic power in Asia is China, and the country with the best development rates is Japan.

Below you will find more detailed information on Asia’s climate, relief, economy and demographics.Take the opportunity to expand your studies and learn more about this continent!



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