List of Countries in Europe


Europe is marked by a great density of independent territories, fruit of the historical relations of disputes by the power.

The Europe is a continent located in three different hemispheres: the Northern, Western and Eastern. It is located to the west of Asia, to the North of Africa, to the east of the Atlantic Ocean and to the south of the Arctic Ocean. The societies that inhabited this continent were the main responsible for the colonization of most of the other territories of the planet, being therefore denominated like “center of the world”, although, in cartographic terms, this expression is considered erroneous.

Europe has a total of 50 countries, two of which are also part of Asia: Turkey and Russia. Despite this large number of countries, its area is small, with about 10,180.00 km². If we do not count on Russia, where most of its territory is located in Asia, its space decreases to a smaller area than Brazil, yet has many more countries than Brazil has in states.

List of All Countries in Europe

  1. Albania
  2. Andorra
  3. Armenia
  4. Austria
  5. Azerbaijan
  6. Belarus
  7. Belgium
  8. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  9. Bulgaria
  10. Croatia
  11. Cyprus
  12. Czech Republic
  13. Denmark
  14. Estonia
  15. Finland
  16. France
  17. Georgia
  18. Germany
  19. Greece
  20. Hungary
  21. Iceland
  22. Ireland
  23. Italy
  24. Kazakhstan
  25. Kosovo
  26. Latvia
  27. Liechtenstein
  28. Lithuania
  29. Luxembourg
  30. Macedonia
  31. Malta
  32. Moldova
  33. Monaco
  34. Montenegro
  35. Netherlands
  36. Norway
  37. Poland
  38. Portugal
  39. Romania
  40. Russia
  41. San Marino
  42. Serbia
  43. Slovakia
  44. Slovenia
  45. Spain
  46. Sweden
  47. Switzerland
  48. Turkey
  49. Ukraine
  50. United Kingdom (UK)
  51. Vatican City (Holy See)

This great concentration of small territories is explained by the historical relations of instability that marked the region. As it was in Europe itself that the idea of the modern state was first established, it was there also that the different nations first began their struggles for the constitution of their own states. This struggle, it is worth remembering, is still present in many places, especially Spain, where Catalans, Basques, Navarrese and other peoples seek to form their own countries, which would further increase the number of States in this continent.

Countries in North Europe

There are 11 countries (and regions) in northern Europe.

  1. Iceland
  2. Ireland
  3. United Kingdom
  4. Faroe Islands
  5. Norway
  6. Sweden
  7. Finland
  8. Denmark
  9. Estonia
  10. Latvia
  11. Lithuania

In spite of this widespread fragmentation, Europe has, curiously enough, an opposite effect of integration thanks to the formation and expansion of the European Union. This economic bloc, in addition to being responsible for the use of the euro in most of its member countries, has virtually eliminated the borders between its territories, although this has caused reactions in parts of the population, which are becoming increasingly embedded in Xenophobic thoughts (of aversion to foreigners).


The European population, in recent data, is approximately 740 million inhabitants. Demographically, the continent is characterized by internal migratory flows (thanks to the existence of the European Union) and, mainly, external ones, with many foreigners coming from underdeveloped or developing countries. On the other hand, the average age in the population has been rising significantly, thanks to the extremely low birth and death rates recorded over the last 20 years.

Countries in Western Europe

There are a total of 24 countries in west Europe.

  1. Andorra
  2. Austria
  3. Belgium
  4. Denmark
  5. Finland
  6. France
  7. Germany
  8. Greece
  9. Iceland
  10. Ireland
  11. Italy
  12. Liechtenstein
  13. Luxembourg
  14. Malta
  15. Monaco
  16. Netherlands
  17. Norway
  18. Portugal
  19. San Marino
  20. Spain
  21. Sweden
  22. Switzerland
  23. Turkey
  24. United Kingdom

As regards physical aspects, Europe is characterized by the predominance of low altitudes, with the exception of the Scandinavian Alps in the northern part, the Caucasus, to the southeast; The Alps and some regions in the Balkans and the Iberian Peninsula in the southern part of the continent.

The climate predominant Europe is tempered , with variations between the coastal and inland regions, and in the higher altitude areas. The other climatic types are the Mediterranean , the polar and alpine(also called mountain weather).

Countries in Eastern Europe

  1. Belarus
  2. Bulgaria
  3. Czech Republic
  4. Hungary
  5. Moldova
  6. Poland
  7. Romania
  8. Russia
  9. Slovakia
  10. Ukraine

The hydrography of Europe is marked by the presence of some important rivers, such as the Danube, the Rhine, the Volga, the Seine, the Elbe, the Tagus and many others. The types of vegetation exist are the Tundra, the Boreal Forest, the Temperate Forest, the Steppes and the Mediterranean Vegetation.

Economically, Europe, after the end of World War II, began a process of recovery, again relying on very strong international powers, especially Germany, the United Kingdom and France. In addition, the world’s most advanced economic bloc, the European Union, provides greater trade integration within the continent. Despite this, these nations have suffered intensely from a strong economic crisis, responsible for the exponential increase in the rates of misery and unemployment, whose effects can still be felt nowadays.

Despite the narrow territorial dimensions, Europe is one of the most important continents in the world, because it is in it that the values that are currently spread throughout the world via Globalization have been constituted. In addition, despite the strengthening in the last decades of the United States, Japan and the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India and China), Europe configures itself with one of the protagonists in the international Geopolitics and Economy.

In this section, you will be able to obtain better and more in-depth information about this continent, with subjects involving so many physical aspects (climate, relief and vegetation) as well as human aspects (population, economy, politics).



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