It is one of the hottest regions on the planet. It is formed by nations in almost permanent conflict for centuries, that have carried out varied litigations for territorial, cultural, ethnic and religious reasons. In many countries there are autocratic governments.
It comprises Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Cyprus, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, the Palestinian Territory, Oman, Qatar, Syria, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. From the geopolitical point of view, although it is located in North Africa is considered Egypt as integrated into the Middle East. This region has also been and is conducive to the operation of several terrorist organizations such as Hamas, Hezbollah and Al Qaeda.
The state of Israel , surrounded by hostile neighbors generally, has maintained and maintains programs of weapons of mass destruction, never officially declared. It has not signed any treaty in this regard. With high technological development, one has the certainty that it possesses nuclear weapons although it has never done a test of these characteristics. It also has important missile developments and, although they have not been confirmed, there are well-founded suspicions about their capabilities in chemical and biological weapons.
One such neighbors is Iran , of undoubted regional and global significance, for its oil reserves, aggressive attitude and commitment to develop programs of weapons of mass destruction, including delivery means. Capacity and availability of means for chemical warfare can be assumed result of their bitter experience as a victim in the war Iran – Iraq . Its nuclear development is considerable and its uranium enrichment program is under international scrutiny for its possible proliferating purpose. It is considered a state that favors terrorist action.
List of All Countries in Middle East
There are 17 countries in Middle East.
- Saudi Arabia
- United Arab Emirates
Iraq has been dismantled its programs along successive defeats, but in the past has been one of the countries in the region that has invested and used weapons of mass destruction, particularly chemical, mainly due to the subordination of the state To the personal and strategic ambitions of Saddam Hussein.
As for Syria, he has shown interest and is known to have taken steps to acquire and / or develop aggressive chemicals and also means of delivery, including ballistic missiles, as prevention against the notable achieved by Israel in conventional military power capacity. It has received support from Russia, Iran and North Korea. He has also carried out covert activities in the nuclear area.
Egypt has also been a country interested in developing non – conventional weapons. In the decade of the 60 has the antecedent to have used chemical weapons and it is suspected that it maintains latent its capacity. It also has a moderate development in launching media. On the other hand, it has led the initiative to create a zone free of weapons of mass destruction in the region. It holds an ideological clash over Israel’s nuclear activity.